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Autumn festivals

强华作文网 http://www.runxinlijun.cn 2019-10-09 19:53 出处:网络 编辑:
相关专题: 八年级英语教案







教学目标


  1.要求学生掌握本。课所授的单词和词组:come over ,in the open air, Are you free tom。orrow ?get togethe。r ,on Mid-autumn day ,。good evening等。


  2.要求学生掌握形容词比较级的基本形式和用法并能用形容词的比较级根据具体情境口头和笔头造简单的句子.


  3.要求学生能用自己组织的语言,向其他学生介绍中秋节的有关习俗并能掌握有关邀请方面的交际用语。Would you like… I would like … Ar。e yo。u free?


  4.要求学生能自。己读懂课文并判断出生词大意,并能回答问题。


  5.要求学生能根据线索词对课文。进行复述


  6.要求学生掌握以下句型:
  (1)主语。 +be +形容词的比较级+than+其它
  (2)主语 +be +the +形容 词的。最高级+of, in +范围


教。学建议


教材分析


  本单元谈论的是“Aut。umn festiva。ls”的有关情况,重点。是形容词的比。较级和最高级。主要是围绕介绍中秋节的有关习俗展开教学,贯穿着形容。词的比较级和最高级的用法,并学习了介绍节日。和邀请方面的交际用语。通过练习,学习了如。何将形容词变成比较级和最高级形式以及变成比较级后的发音,两个形容词比较级和最高级的简单句型。本单。元还讲述了几个重点词组的使用。


教学。重难点
  教学重点:The. W。ords and phra。se, the st。ructures, the comparative and superlative degrees of ad。jectiv。es 


  教学难点:the comparative and superlative degrees of adjective。s,中秋节和感恩节的有关习俗及就餐时的日常交际用语。


关于。形容词的比较等级的教学
 1.形容词的比较级和最高级形式
  教师准备几组实物,如篮。球一个,足球一个,乒乓球一个,还要不同尺寸三把尺子或三张某人不同年龄的相片等物。
 


比较。每组实物,教学一些形容词的比较级和最高级,如:big-bigger-big。gest, old-older-oldest, young-younger-youngest, long-。longer-longest等。


 2.实物教学, 教师利用上面的实物,运用形容词比较等级的句型对物品进行描述。(1)主语 +be +形容 词的比较级+than+其它;(2)主语 +be +the +形容 词的最高级+of, in +范围,例如:
  (1)I h。ave three rulers .One is。 whi。te the other is yellow. The third one is green .The white one is longer than the yellow。 one. The green one is the longest of all。. Which one do you like best ?
  (2)I like b。asketball; football and ping-pon。g .Th。e football is。 bigger than the。 ping-pong .the basketball。 is bigger than the footba。ll, so the basketball is the biggest of the three.
  (3)There are th。ree pictures of my br。other at different ages .look at the first one ,he is five years。 .h。e is young .Now ,look a。t the second one ,he is older than the first。 one, he。 is ten .  This is third picture. He is。 the oldest of three, because h。e is twenty years old。描述后,要求学生把内容写下来。
  教。师也可以就学生常用的学。习用品进行形容词比较。等级的用法教学。教师问which book is big? Which book i。s bigger? Which one would you like? 然后教师再出示第三个实物说xiaoming’s is big .My book is bigger than xiaoming’s. This boo。k is bigger than mine .so this boo。k is the big。gest.


 3.编写一个有关购物。的小对话。教师把实物。放到讲台上让学生向其他学生出售。要求学生在比较商品时用到形容词的比较级和最高级形式。


 4.教师出示一些物体图。片组或让学生就。自己拥有的实物,用形容词的比较等级进行口头和笔头练习。如:


  Li Lei:。 My bag is heavier than you.
  Tom: Yes, bu。t mine is hea。vier than Wei Hua’s
  Li Lei: Oh, mine。 is the heaviest of us thre。e.
  …      …


关于Mid-autumn Festival and Thanksgiving 的比较教学


  1.教师教学Lesson 10的 e-mail可以在教学Lesson 10的 e-mail后,完成此表格的填写,总结概括e-m。ail全文。




Holiday




Mid ?autumn-。day






D。ate




In September or October






Special。 foot




Moon cake






Activities




Get together, have di。nner, t。alk about the famil。y and tell the story about chang e




  完成。此表后,学生可以根据线索词对课文进行复述。


  2.教师可以在学生将Lesson 12对。话练习熟练后,将有关感恩节的有关习俗也总结下来并和第十课的表相比较。然后让学生根据表格编写一段文字介绍。两个节。日。






Holiday




Mid ?autumn-day




Thanksgiving






Date




In September or October




Autumn






Special food




Moon cake




Turkey, pumpkin






Activities




Get tog。ether, have dinner, talk about the fami。ly and tell the st。ory about chang e




Get toge。t。her, have a big dinner to celebrate the harvest




情感教学
  通过教学使学生了解本国的。风土人情。
  通过教学让学生认识到人与人之间的感情和亲情的重要,从而珍惜友情。


Would you lik。e…?
  “Would you like…?”用于表示“建议”或“请求”的场合,是一个常用的礼貌用语,使用应注意以下六点:
    一、“Woul。d you。 like…?”后接名词、代词或不定式短语。例如:
  1.       Woul。d you and Lily like to come over to my home for。 Mid-Autumn Day?
   你和莉丽愿意到我家度中秋节吗?
  2.       Would you like a mooncake? 你想吃月饼吗?


 。    二、“Would you lik。e…?”虽是疑问结构,但表示的是“建议”或者“请求”为此表示“一些”这个意义时常用some,而不用any。例如:
  1. Would you like some apples? 你想吃苹果吗?
  2. Would you like to buy some cakes? 你想买几块蛋糕吗?


  三、“Would you like…?”表示“建议别人吃(喝)点东。西”时,常用have 代替eat或drink。. 例如:
  1. Would you like to。 have a cup of tea? 你想喝杯茶吗?
  2. Would you like to have s。ome bread? 你想吃一些面包吗?


  四、“W。ould you l。ike…?”可用“Will you please?”代替。如要表示更委婉、更礼貌的语气时,也可用“Would yo。u please…。?”代替。但注意“Would (Would )you please…。?”后接动词原形。例如:
  Would you like to go out fo。r a walk with me? = Will (Would ) you plea。se go out。 for a walk me? (请)你和我一起出去散步好吗?


  五、“Would you li。ke…?”与like含义不同。like表示“喜欢”,后接不定式短语或名词、动词;而would like是固定搭配,表示。“希望、愿意”,后面跟动词时只能跟不定式短语。试。比较:
  1。.       Would you like to swim today? 你今天想去游泳吗?
  2.  Do you like to swim today? 你今天喜欢游泳吗?


  六、“Would you like…?。”的肯定答语多用 “Yes, I’d lov。e to.” 或 “Ye。s, I’d like。 to.” 这里的to不可省略,它代替动词不定式;否定答语常用 “Sorry, I’m。 afraid…”. 例如:
  1. —Wou。ld you like to go fishing with us? 你愿意和我们一起去钓鱼吗?
    —Yes, I’d love to. 行,我乐意。
  2. —Would yo。u l。ike to come with me? 请你与我一道来好吗?    — Sorry, I’m afraid I can’t (wouldn’t). 对不起,恐怕不行。


关于with。 短语的用法分析
  They are small rou。nd cake。s with meat, eggs, nu。ts or something sweet inside. 它们是一些有小又圆的蛋糕。里。面有肉,鸡蛋,坚果。或一些甜的东西。
  w。ith 在句中表示"带有,含有",后面跟复合宾语说明附。带情况。With …inside 是对cake的补充说明,作定语。 with+ n.或pro。n.结构常。常在句中做。定语,放。在被修饰的词后。例如:
  Tom with a book in his hand was very worried. His bag was lost. Look! There is a bag with some。 paper in side,it may be Tom’s.  汤姆手里拿一本书,看上去很着急。他的书丢了。看,这有个书包里边有一些纸可能是汤姆的书包。


关于句子The moon。 looks rounder and。 brighter的分析
  The moon looks rounder and brig。hter.月亮看上去亮越来越。圆。
  look +adj.看起来……,如:
  You look very tired today. What happened?
  形容词比较级+形容词比较级意为越来越……,例如:
  Xiao Ming becomes taller and tal。ler. His sweater becomes smaller an。d smaller.


关于taste用。作系表结构的用法分析
  They taste a little like our pies.它们尝起来有点象我。们的pie的味道。
  taste在句中做连系动词。译做“尝起。来象”。“主语+连系动词+形容词或名词”构成主系表结构。t。aste也做实意动词译做尝。这样的词有很多如 look, become,feel,sound 等。a little 在句中是副词,修饰taste. 例如:
  You look like your father. 你看起来。像你的父亲。
  the apple tastes delicious.苹果尝起来很香
  I feel lonely last night 昨夜我觉得很寂寞。
  “taste like” 中的like看作一个介词。 “t。aste like”意。为“尝起来像……”,又如:
  The wine tastes。 li。ke water.这种酒喝起来像水一样。
  What does it taste like?它味道如何?


辨析on/in
  on, in 两者在表达时间时都是"在……"的意思。但是用法。不同。On 表示在。具体的某一天时间如在星期几,在节日。另外在具。体的某天的上下午也用 on
  例如on Sund。ay ,I of。ten play f。ootball with my friends. We don’t have to go to school。 on Labor Day. On y。esterdays afternoon I have nothin。g t。o do
  而in 表示的时间范围比较大.另外它后面可以加一个时间段,。表示这段时间之内比如:In 1999,I begin to study English .I will become a teacher in September。 this year.。
  we want to go。 to school in ten minutes


Lesson 9


教学目的:
  1.初步掌握形容词的比较级的基本用法和基本句型。
  2.了解中秋节的习俗
  3.掌握重点词组和单词;be free. on Mid-autu。mn day. come over, see you tomo。rrow, would like


教具:Pic。tures tape recorder an。d real objects


教学过程


 Ⅰ.Revision 1.dication.  2.make a。 dialogue about the last less。on


 Ⅱ.warming up;
  教师把事先准备好的一些有关中秋节的图片或录像资料展示给学生,然后提问:
  1.What are t。hey doing?
  2.Why?
  3. What day it may be?


  学生答道;
  1.They ar。e having a。 dinn。er。.  Some of them are talking.
  2. Th。ey are having a celebration.
  3.It may be Zhong qi。u jie。The moon is bi。g and。 bright.


  教师说 :Ok, today we are going to l。earn something a。bout Zhongqiujie. How do we say Zhongqiujie。 in English?


  学生答 Mi。d- autumn day.


 Ⅲ.Read and act
  1.教师说 Now, listen to the tape a。nd see what are Hun Mei an。d L。ucy going to do on the mid-autumn day,放录音,学生听一遍录音材料 然后回答:Th。ey are going to have mid-autumn day.


  2学。生跟录音磁带读两遍对话。并找出不认。识的单词和短语


  3.教师解释文。中的短语和单词be free, call sb。. S。th, come over,autumn, festival, free, mid-a。utum。n. Moon cake, nut, and sweet, inside, store.
  (1)be free;意为有空。Free。 是形容词,在句中做表语Be 。动词可随着不同人称和时态变。化。例如:Are y。ou fre。e this afternoon? No ,I am ve。ry busy .I have a l。ot of ho。m。ework to do .另外free还有免费的意思。
  (2)co。me over:意为过来,顺路来访。例。如:My sister lived far from m。e. Today, she is free. She comes over to my house.
  (3)would like: 意为愿意,喜欢,想要。后面可以跟名词也可以跟动词不定式。例如;I would like that banan。as. What about you? No, I would like to drink some water.
  (4)on mid?autumn。 day :注意介词的用法。在节日介词用on, 例如:people get together to have。 a party on mid-autumn day ,e。specially the children they are very happy about。 it .
  (5)at this time o。f year:意为在一年的这个时候。
  例如:
   A: My father always takes me to have a holiday at this time of year.
   B:。 My mo。thers always buy a lot of gifts for me at this time of year.


  4.pract。ise the dialo。gue in pairs


  5.role-play


  6.recite t。he dialogue


 Ⅳ.Read and practice
  1.教师可以在黑板上用简笔画画出。两个大小不一的月饼然后指着小月饼说;B。ig, it is a big moon cake 同时在下面写下。b。ig  然后指着大的说:bigger, it is bigger.然后写成下bigger最后进行比较说;T。his one is bigger than that one。如图:


         than    


bigger。                       big


 2.教师可以出示几组实物让学生说出.nice ,。nicer  cheap, cheaper , heavy h。eavie。r 。


  3.教师告诉学生如何把形容词变成比较级形式.


  4.教师把两把尺子放到桌子上演示;I hav。e two rul。ers。. This ruler is l。ong. This one is lo。nger. This ruler is long。er than。 that one.


  5.教师。让学生仿照。教师就其他组实物进行口头练习并把句子写下来。然后让学生自己总结句型:主语+be+形容词。比较级+than +其他


 Ⅴ。.Summary :学生自己总结本课重点词组,概括对话, 讲述语法和句。型


 Ⅵ.Hom。ework
  1.抄写单词和词组
  2.背课文中的对话
  3.做书后的有关比较级的练习


 Ⅶ.板书设计






 


1.words and phra。se




Lesson nine


2.Structures: the cake is bi。g, that moon cake is bigger than this one




 


Pictures



教学设计方案

Lesson 1。0


教学目的:
  1 进。一步学习形容词。比较级的用法。  2 掌握本课所授的单词和词组in the open air, tha。nk for, be like, b。e hungry, look+adj
  3 学习课文掌握。中秋节的风俗习惯


教学教具:Pictures  tape recorder  and real objects


教学过程
 Step 1. Revision
  1.Revise形容词比较级。的用法
  1)Ask the students to write d。own the comparative deg。ree form of those adj:cheap-   large-。   hard-   hot -
  2)实物练习:教师出示实物让学生编一个关于购物的小对话。要求学生购物时使用形容词比较级对商品进行比较。用句型:主语+be+形容词的比较级+th。an +其它


      2.教师关于第九课对话的提问。
  A:What is mid-autumn day?
  B: What is。 moon cak。e like?
  学生回答On Mid-autumn Da。y w。e usually eat a big dinner and moon cakes.
  They are small round cak。es with meat, eggs, nuts or something s。weet inside。


 Step 2  Pr。esentation
  1.利用。已学过的对话引出有关中秋节的话题 today we are going to read an e-mail to s。ee how did Lucy introduce。 mid-autumn day to her frien。d.


  2.让学生默读一遍课文(五分钟左右。),并用铅笔划出课文中的生词,鼓励学生根据上下文来判断这些词的意思。然后回答下列几个问题:
  (1)Is this an email from Lucy to Joe?
  (2。)What day is Mid- Autumn Day?
  (3)What do people do on the day?
  (4)What kind of special food do people eat?


  3.教师对学生标出的新单词进行讲解,并对文章中新出现的重点词汇和短。语进行讲解


  (1)Th。ank for意为:谢某人某事。结构:thank sb for sth 或。thank for sth.
  例如
   A:I must thank you for the advice. You really give us a great help
   B: You should thank for you teacher. She is kind
  (2)get t。o。gether:意为聚会,动词。 get-together意为聚会,名。词。结构:have a get-together.
  例如
   A: We are go。ing to get together to celebrate the new year. How about you?
   B: Lucy and I had a get-together yesterday
  (3)in the open air意为在露天。例如;What did you。 do i。n the open air? We had an party.
  (4)at this time o。f year:意为在一年的这个时候。
  例。如:
   A: My father always takes me to have a hol。i。day at this time of year.
   B: My mothers a。lways buy a lot of gifts for me at this time of。 year.


  4.学生完成阅读。课文后,完成此表格的填写,以总结概括全文。






Holiday




Mid ?autumn-day






Date




In S。eptember or October






Special foot




Moon cake






Acti。vities




Get together, have dinner, talk about the family。 and tell the st。ory about chang e



5.完成此表后,学生可以。根据线索词对课文进行复述。

  6.教师说 now, listen to the tape and see what did th。e girls eat on the mid-autumn day?学生听完一遍录音后再回答。They ate all kinds of moon cakes.


  7.Pract。ise。 the dialogue in pairs


  8.Role-pl。ay


  9.Recite the dialogue


 Step4:Summary:
  学生自己总结本课重。点。词组,概括对话, 讲述语法和句型


  Homework
  
1 抄写单词和词组
  2 课背文中的对话
  3 做书后的有关比。较级的练习


板书设计






 


1.words a。nd phrase




Lesson ten


2.Structures: the cake is big, that moon cake is bigger than this。 o。ne




 


Pictu。re。s



教学设计方案

Lesson 11


教学。目的:
  1 进一步学习形容词比较级和最高级的用法。
  2 掌握。本课所授的单词harvest  another。  better   pumpkin
  3 学。习关。于购物的交际用语


教学教具:图片、实物


教学过程
 Step 1  Revision
  1.教师让学生自己编一个对话进行表演。向其他同学介绍中秋节和月饼。可参照第十课教师所列表格


  2.听写第十课的单词和词组。


  3.教师组织学生复习形容词的比较级的形式和用法
  (1)Ask the。 students to。 write down the comparati。ve。 degree form of those word: tall, long, nice, thin, hot, heavy, good, happy)
  (2)教师出示实物,要求学生做口头和笔头练习。例如:I ha。ve two balls. Thi。s one is bi。g. Tha。t one is bigger. That one is bigger than this one.


 Step 2  Prese。nta。tion
  (1)教师可以出示几组实物让学生说出nice n。icer,  cheap cheaper,  heavy hea。vier等形容词比较形式,然。后告诉学生如何把形容词变成比较级。形式。.


  (2)教。师可以在黑板上用简笔画画出三个大小不一的月饼然后指着小月饼说;Big, i。t is a big.  同时在下面写下big  然后指着大的说:bigger, it is bigger.然后写。成下bigger最后指着最大的球。同时在下面写下biggest进行比较说;This one is biggest of three.如图:
                            。   


    。         bigger              big               big。gest


(3)让学生仿照教。师就。其他组实物进行口头练习


  (4)让学生。自己总结比较等级的句型:主语+be+形容词。比较级+than +其他 和主语+be。+ the+形容词最高级+of/ in+范围


  (5)把学生分成小组,每组学生根据实际情况进行比较等级对话练习。


  (6)教师放录音磁带Read and say的内容。
  学生先听一遍。然后完成练习ture or flase
   1)Lucy wan。ts to buy a pumpkin.
   2)She takes。 the small one.
  学生跟读两遍   


  (7)利用一些物品和。方框中的词进行替换练习。


 Step 4 Summary:
  学生自己总结本课重点词组,概。括对话, 讲述语法和句型     


  Homework
  1.抄。写单词和词组
  2.利用生活中的物品进。行比较等级的。对话
  3.做书后的。有关最高级的练习
板书设计






 


1.words and phrase




Lesson te。n


2。.Structures: 主语+be+the+形容词的最高级




 


Pictures



教学设计方案

Lesson 1。2


教学目的
  1.使学生熟练掌握形容词比较级和最高级的用法,能根据具体情景用形容词比较级和最高级行对话
  2.使学生掌握本课所授重点单词和词组twelfth, turkey, celebrate,harvest
  3.进一步培养学生对英语的。语。调和重读的语感
  4.熟练对话,总结归纳感恩节和中秋节的异同


教学教具:Pictures  and real objects


教学过程
 Step 1. Revi。sion
  1)做下列填空练习。
  A: I have tw。o brothers. Xiao pi。ng is ____(young).
  B: I am ____(young)than him.
  A: Xiao ke is the____(young)of。 three.


  2)学生三。人一组讨论谁。的铅笔长。


  3)让学生根据第十课总。结中秋节习俗的表格编成几句话。做一个讲演。


 Step2。  Presentation
  1. Spell。ing and pronunciation .
  通过投影出示单词,教师领读单词。学生比较发。音,总结发音规律。


  2.Stress and intonation
  学生听录音然后跟读,读时可以在重音处击掌。引导学生体会。


  3.Listen
  第一遍泛听,知大意。第二遍分段听,填出所确缺。的单词。第三遍检查答案。


  4. Read and act.
  (1)教师导入新。课we have reviewed the mid-autumn day just now. Today we a。re going t。o learn a Am。erican holiday: Thank。sgiving.
  (2)听第一遍录音,判断Ture or Flase.:
    1) The。y eat chicken on thank。sgiving
    2) Only American have thanksgiving.
  (3)听录音跟读两遍对话。找出生词。和不懂的地方。
  (4)教师解释重点和难点和生词。
  (5)。Practise the d。ialogue in pairs
  (6)Role-play
  (。7)。教师可以。在学生将对话练习熟练后,总结有关感恩节的有关习。俗并和第十课的表相比较。然后让学生根据表。格编写一段文字介绍这两个节日。




Holiday




Mid ?。autumn-day




Thanks giving






Date




In September or Oct。ober




Autumn






Special food




Moon ca。ke




Turkey,。 pumpkin






Activit。ies。




Get together, have dinner, talk about the family and。 tell the story about Chang e




Get together, have a big d。inner to celebrate the harvest



Step3  Practice
  1.。Write
  Students write out s。everal groups of sentences to compare thin。gs, then r。ead them to t。heir partners an。d correct each other’s mistakes. (Call a student to write on the bla。ckboard so that teacher can correct their common mistakes.)

  2.Talk about the pictures
  Students use comparatives and superlatives。 to talk about the pictures in small groups, call one group to say it t。o the class. Then they may say anyth。ing about the pictur。es, even to make stories。. Teacher。 write out som。e words of the things in the Pict。ure “calendar, feast, candle, firework, wine, plant,” etc.


  教师可选择在课后让学生自己来完成此部分内容。


 Step4 Summary .学生自己总结。


 Step5 Homework:
  1.抄写课文和对话。
  2.To。 wri。te out a short story according to on。e of the pictures.


板书设计






 


1.words。 and ph。rase




Lesson twel。ve


Structures;


(1)形容词比较级+than.
(2)The +形容词最高级+in, o。f




 


Table



探究活动

以中秋节和感恩节为例组织学生讨论中美两国文化的差异
  中秋节的晚上,组织学生一起庆贺,如果有外国学生的话,让他们谈谈感恩节的庆祝活动。
  A:Which holida。y do yo。u like better?
  B:I like zhong qiujie better.
  A。: why?
  B:I can have a lot of delicious food. Such as mooncake, meat, fish, fruit.
  A: what is the moon cake like?
  B: the moon cake is a round cake like a full moon.
  C: what about you?
  D: I like thanksgiving。.
  C: why?
  D: Because than。ksgiv。ing is very interesting .we can have turkey, pie and pumpkins.
  C: what do you do in thanksgiving?
  D: I usually have a big dinn。er wi。th my。 family.
  讨论时可有一人做笔记,简单记录讨论内容。教师可以巡视各小组并参与讨论。 。讨论后学生把讨论记录交给教师。


学生自己出一期有关西方节日风俗的板报。
  要求:
  (1)学生利。用业余时间自己从报刊杂志书籍或网上搜集材料。
  (2)篇幅不宜过长,中英文均可,图文并茂。
  (3)要求学生以小组为单位,每组4人或5人皆可。
  (4)内容可以介绍节日习俗也可以讲述节日起源的故事。教师适当给予指导。
  (

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